There will most likely be times when you will find yourself with other hunters to the right and left of you when hunting. In this situation, safe hunting requires that you know your zone of fire.
The number of hunters with you and the terrain determine how you can safely carry your firearm in the field.
Treat every firearm as if it were loaded.
Definition of a firearm safety
Most hunting-related incidents occur when hunters behave in a careless manner or forget the basic rules of firearm safety. Look at incident reports involving hunters and you'll likely find one or more of the following mistakes.
Rifled shotgun barrels and chokes are becoming increasingly popular since they increase the accuracy of shotgun slugs. This style does an excellent job in harvesting game at reasonable ranges. Another key factor for accuracy is the type of slug used.
There are three types of shotgun chokes:
A choke helps hold a shot string together, controlling the shot string’s spread when it leaves the barrel.
Shotguns are generally measured by gauge rather than caliber, differing from handguns and rifles. The gauge is determined by how many lead balls sized to the exact diameter of the bore it takes to make one pound. For example, one pound takes 16 lead balls the same diameter...
A shotgun used for shot features a smoothbore barrel with no rifling inside. Shotguns are highly accurate for shorter distances, though they can be used for both short and long distance shots.